THE IMPACT OF WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT PLAN ON REGIONAL WATER COOPERATION-TAKING THE AMU RIVER BASIN AS AN EXAMPLE
Journal: Journal of Water Resources (JWR)
Author: Bailey Watson
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
The Transboundary Amu Darya River Basin (ARB) shared by Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan is the main source of population and ecosystems. After Afghanistan’s long-term turmoil, due to ambitious development plans, Afghanistan’s future water needs, the results of ARB’s regional water cooperation indicate that the cooperation between Afghanistan and Central Asian riparian countries may increase. Based on the high water consumption of ARB Afghanistan and its impact on downstream countries, desk research methods were used to analyze the water cooperation mechanism. The level is quite weak. Certain problems have led to a lack of cooperation between Afghanistan and the riparian countries of Central Asia. The development and political interests of the countries along the river are the main obstacles to the ARB regional water cooperatives. Technical obstacles include lack of human capacity, non-use of watershed methods, and the regional level of UNWCC 1997 International. This is the result of the study. It is an analysis of the policy. In the study area, there is an urgent need to take measures to improve water management and improve measures to replace them. Eliminate the foreseeable increase in irrigation water demand. The framework law cannot be universally applied in Central Asia, especially Afghanistan. Third, although there are step-by-step institutions that can play a role, participation as a permanent member of Afghanistan needs to be based on reliable data, Afghanistan’s current infrastructure development and irrigation expansion plans, and as a “permanent member to revise the water needs assessment”. Afghanistan needs to participate in the regional water cooperation framework. Play a mediating role in establishing water distribution agreements between Afghanistan and other coastal countries.